Burton in Kendal


"BURTON-in-KENDAL, a parish comprising the market-town of Burton in Kendal, and the township of Holme, in LONSDALE ward, and the chapelry of Preston-Patrick, in KENDAL ward, county of WESTMORLAND, and the township of Dalton in the hundred of LONSDALE, south of the sands, county palatine of LANCASTER, and containing 1642 inhabitants, of which number, 673 are in the town of Burton, 34 miles (S. W. by S.) from Appleby, and 251 (N. W. by N.) from London, on the road to Carlisle through Manchester. The ancient name of this place, Barton, a contraction of Borough town, is still retained by the inhabitants. . . The living is a discharged vicarage, in the archdeaconry of Richmond, and diocese of Chester, rated in the king's books at £ 15. 17., endowed, with £400 private benefaction, and £400 royal bounty, and in the patronage of Mrs. Johnstone. The church, dedicated to St. James, is a plain ancient structure,, with a square tower."
[From Samuel Lewis A Topographical Dictionary of England (1831) - copyright Mel Lockie 2016]


The parish of Burton in Kendal contzained the townships of Holme and Preston Patrick which later became parishes in their own right.



M.I.s for Burton In Kendal were transcribed in Monumental Inscriptions of Westmorland by E. Bellasis 1888-89 and are available on Westmorland Papers.



Returns do not survive for the 'census' of 1787.

Census returns are available from the usual sources for 1841-1911.


Church History

St James
W tower Norman in lower stage. Later work of C14th and Victorian period. Jacobean pulpit. Saxon cross-shaft.Historical and architectural notes on National Heritage List (English Heritage site).
Church plans (1843-44) from ICBS archive on Church Plans Online (Lambeth Palace Library).
Photograph(s) and description on VisitCumbria.
Access and contact details on Church of England site
More details and maps in Genuki Westmorland Church Database

Church Records

Parish Registers and Bishop's Transcripts are held by Cumbria Archives :
originals at Kendal RO and microfilm copies at Carlisle RO.

Baptism registers 1653-1850
Marriage registers 1653-1951
Banns registers 1754-1952
Burial registers 1653-1947
Bishops transcripts 1676-189

See the CASCAT online calogue for WPR10 for information on these and other parish records..

For searching on LDS familysearch.org see IGI batch numbers (compiled by Jake Prescott)
or use the batch number search site (by Hugh Wallis).

Baptisms and marriages for 1676-1808 are indexed on the LDS Vital Records CD-ROM.

The registers 1653-1837 have been transcribed and printed by CWAAS. ISBN 1 873124 42 2


Description & Travel

Nicolson and Burn: The history and antiquities of the counties of Westmorland and Cumberland. 1777. Transcribed by Anne Nichols.

"Advancing from the parish of Gresmere in the north-western extremity of the barony of Kendal, by the parishes of Windermere, Heversham, and Betham, we are now arrived at the furthest extremity towards the south, and turn in the next place eastward along the southern boundary to the parish of Burton, which is part in Kendal Ward, and part in Lonsdale Ward: from whence we shall afterwards proceed through the rest of Lonsdale Ward; which will finish the barony of Kendal. Burton is sometimes called Burton in Kendale, to distinguish it from another Burton which is in Lonsdale in the county of Lancaster. It is pronounced by the natives and neighbouring inhabitants Borton, as in Domesday-book it is written Bortun, which seem to point out the true derivation; not from burgh, which signifies a fortifies place; but from the ancient boro, which is no other than the district of the frankpledge or tithing. The parish of Burton is bounded on the East by the parish of Kirkby Lonsdale; on the South by the parish of Warton in Lancashire; on the West, by the parishes of Betham and Heversham; and on the North, by the parish of Kendal. This parish consists of five divisions, viz. Dalton (which is in Lancashire), Burton, Holme, Holme Scales, and Preston Patrick; which two last join no where on any other divisions, being separated by Farleton in the parish of Betham: And it is said there is a small parcel of land, not belonging to this parish, which is surrounded with the township of Burton. It is a vicarage. . . the present patrons [of the advowson]. . . Mr. Thomas Hutton of the parish of Kirkby Lonsdale, and Mr. Jeffrey Tenant of the parish of Bentham in Yorkshire. The church is said to be dedicated to St. Helen, indicated by a well about 60 yards north-east of the church, which bears the name of that saint."

You can see pictures of Burton in Kendal which are provided by:



The details for the parish from the Parson & White's Directory for 1829 are transcribed on Edenlinks site.





Records relating to the Barony of Kendale, CWAAS, William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors) are available on British History Online (also Supplementary Records)

Cumbria County History Trust has published a "Jubilee Digest" for the township of Burton in Kendal and Dalton

Magna Britannica et Hibernia.Volume 6: Westmorland by Thomas Cox 1731.

"BURTON, a Market Town, situate on the utmost Southern Point of this County, which Borders upon Lancashire. The Market is weekly on Tuesday, and Fair on Whit-Monday. Burton was the Lordship of Roger Lord Clifford 4th, of which he died in Possession, and left, as other Estates before-mentioned."



You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SD532772 (Lat/Lon: 54.188036, -2.718255), Burton in Kendal which are provided by:


Probate Records

Wills for Burton in Kendal will be at Carlisle since about 1858 but before that will be at the Preston R.O. as it was in the Diocese of Chester until that time.