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Bron-gwyn

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"BRONGWYN (BRYN-GWYN], a parish in the lower division of the hundred of TROEDYRAUR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 1 1/2 mile (N. N. W.) from Newcastle-Emlyn, on the road from Llanbedr, through Atpar, to Cardigan, containing 396 inhabitants. This parish, the name of which implies the White Mount, is pleasantly situated near the beautiful vale of Teivy, of which, in some places, it commands a fine prospect. Abercery, the property of T. Parry Thomas, Esq., is a neat modern villa, beautifully situated, and commanding one of the finest reaches of the Vale of Teivy, including the straggling town of Newcastle-Emlyn, with the venerable ruins of its ancient castle, and much richly varied scenery. The parish is enclosed, and the land in a good state of cultivation and tolerably productive. The living is a perpetual curacy, annexed, with that of Bettws-Evan, to the vicarage of Penbryn in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St. David's. The church is dedicated to St. Mary. There is a place of worship for Independents. Near the church is a very strong intrenchment, called the Gaer, a name common to fortifications of this description, of which there are many in this part of the principality. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor amounts to £ 130.15."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

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Church History

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants.

  • Parish Church "It belongs to the parish of Penbryn" "The minister refuse to full up this paper" John Jones, Churchwarden

Parish entry for Bettws Evan with Bryngwyn from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

  • St John & St Mary (Bryngwyn)
  • Incumbent and Curates; R L Jones
  • Rural Deanery of Sub Aeron
  • Acreage 2,536 & 1,645 ; Population 537

St Mary's Church - photograph on Dyfed FHS

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Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1726-1992. Marriages 1726-99, 1803-1970 [Banns 1824-35, 1863, 1912-79] . Burials 1726-1990 NLW/Cer.RO
Copy manuscripts PR[extracts] CMB 1788-1809 NLW
Bishops Transcripts;
1678, 1680-1, 1688, 1703, 1803-52, 1858-9, 1876, 1886, 1891-3 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

I.G.I; Baptisms 1803-52

Nonconformist Chapels;

Tre-wen (Y Drewen) Ind chapel, Cwm-coy

  • Trewen Ind chapel Erected c 1736 Owen Davies, Deacon, Llwynbedw 1851 census (see Church History above)
  • Trewen Ind chapel (Y Drewen) SN29274183 Preaching in houses from 1672 Built 1737, 1814, restored 1843 & 1859 - at Trewen village Members 100 in 1737, 600 in 1833, 250 in 1853 Records; 1. Bapts 1785-1806; Births & bapts 1814-37 at PRO & in IGI 2. Copies bapts 1819-95, & burials 1845-89 at Cer.R.O
    (Sources ; combined - Rawlins - see Notes on Church/Chapel Records page and The Chapels Recording Project in Wales )
  • Tre-wen, Cong chapel, Bron-gwyn Bapts 1785-1816 at PRO; Bapts 1819-89 & Burials 1845-89 at Carm & Cer ROs ( Nonconformist Registers of Wales, 1994)
  •  
  • Bron-y-gwyn Ind chapel, Trewen Closed 1816 Bapts 1785-1816 copies at SOG
    And
  • Tre-y-wen Ind chapel, Brongwyn Bapts 1819-1880, burials 1848-89 at Carm RO
    And
  • Y Drewen Opened in 1737 Still open 1992 ( My Ancestors were Congregationalists in England and Wales, by D J H Clifford, SOG, 1992)
  •  
  • See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg (under Bron-gwyn Circuit)
  • Cardiganshire Family History Society - Index to deaths and burials in Cardiganshire from non-conformist records is available on fiche.
    Check details on their site, for this parish includes ; Trewen (Ind., 1845-89).
  • Monumental inscriptions for Trewen Independent Chapel, Cwmcoy Brongwyn and Brongwyn: [Santes Fair, Parcau, Tre-wen] are available on microfiche from Dyfed FHS
  • The History of Trewen Congregational Church, Cwm Cou, near Newcastle Emlyn by D Alltwen Jones. [in Welsh]
  • Photograph on Dyfed FHS
  • Shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006)
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Description & Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

  • Area 1620 acres; Population 177 males, 190 females, total 367
You can see pictures of Bron-gwyn which are provided by:

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Gazetteers

The transcription of the section for Bron-gwyn from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.

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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Bron-gwyn has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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History

Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print has now been reprinted. The very brief entry relating to this parish is on page 212 and describes it as a chapel of ease to Penbryn.

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Maps

Parish map (Kain/Oliver)

A plan of the parish of Brongwyn in the County of Cardigan  - on the People's Collection Wales site

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN293434 (Lat/Lon: 52.062382, -4.490876), Bron-gwyn which are provided by:

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Names, Geographical

Places, villages, farms etc within Bron-Gwyn as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

  • Bron-Gwyn (94); Aber-Gwrog; Blaen-dyffryn; Brongwyn (village); Bryn-Gwrog; Cilfallen; Cwm-coy; Pant-Einon; Parc-y-Castell; Penbwliaid; Penralltgeri; Y Gaer;