"RHÔSDIAU (RHÔS-DDÛ), a parish in the upper division of the hundred of ILAR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 7 miles (S. by E.) from Aberystwith, containing 152 inhabitants. This parish, which is situated within a few miles of Cardigan bay, is of very small extent. The surface is varied, and in some part mountainous ; and the surrounding scenery is characterized rather by features of rugged boldness than of pleasing or picturesque appearance: the soil in the lower grounds is productive, and the declivities of the hills afford scanty pasturage for sheep and young cattle. Its distance from any great turnpike road renders this place difficult of access, and it has therefore little intercourse, even with the neighbouring places. The living is a discharged rectory, in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St.David's, rated in the king's books at £1.6.8., endowed with £200 royal bounty, and in the patronage of the Bishop of St. David's. The church, dedicated to St. Michael, having for some time been in a state of ruinous dilapidation,was rebuilt in 1816.The average annual expenditure for the maintenance of' the poor is £25. 8."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]


Church History

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

  • Rhostie Parish Church The return is missing

      Parish entry for Llanilar with Rhostie from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

      • St Hilary & St Michael (Rhostie)
      • Incumbent and Curates; T H Davies
      • Rural Deanery of Llanbadarn Fawr
      • Acreage 6,429 & 1,313; Population 676

          St Michael - photograph on Dyfed FHS


            Church Records

            See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

            Parish Register;
            Baptisms 1815-1920. Marriages 1822-1925. Burials 1824-54 NLW/Cer.RO
            The church was a ruin at visitation in 1755. It was rebuilt c 1815.United with Llanilar in 1875, try Llanilar or Llangwyryfon for records before 1815.
            Bishops Transcripts;
            1816, 1821-4, 1828-49, 1851-63, 1865-71, 1873-5 NLW

            See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

            I.G.I; Baptisms 1816-65. Marriages 1821-35

            Index to Burials from Parish Registers 1813-1837 available for purchase from Cardiganshire Family History Society Volume 2: Ilar (Upper) Hundred . Parishes covered: Eglwys Newydd, Gwnnws, Llanafan, Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn, Llanilar, Lledrod, Rhostïe, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Ystrad Meurig

            Nonconformist Chapels;

            Rhos-y-garth CM chapel, Rhostie

            Carmel CM chapel

            See under Llanilar parish


                Description & Travel

                The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

                • Area 1307 acres; Population 61 males, 62 females, total 123

                    With the kind permission of the publisher, these selected extracts below are taken from " The History of Cardiganshire" by S R Meyrick, 1810, specifically the reprint of the 1907 imprint published by Stephen Collard in July 2000.

                    • "Rhos Diau --- this parish is so small as to contain no poor, and therefore no poor rates are levied. So small a parish being a rectory, it is supposed that at the dissolution of the monasteries, the avaricious monarch thought it not worth his attention."
                    • "The names of the four last incumbents [of the parish church] are ; --Davies ; David Pryce, of Llanbadarn fawr ; Richard Lloyd A.M. of Llanbadarn fawr; 1805, Richard Evans of Llanbadarn fawr."
                            You can see pictures of Rhostie which are provided by:



                            The transcription of the section for Rhostie from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.


                            Land & Property

                            Documents held at the NLW :

                            • Cardiganshire Rentals ;
                              8-12. Lordship of Mefenydd, 1892-5 (Gwnnws Isaf, Llangwyryfon, Llanilar, Llanrhystud, Lledrod Isaf, Rhostïe).

                            An Assessment made in pursuance of an Act of Parliament passed in the 38th year of His Majesty's reign, for granting an aid to His Majesty by a Land Tax to be raised in Great Britain, for the service of the year 1798. [From the Ceredigion; Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society Vol VI/1 1968] This is a list of properties in Rhostie parish subject to the tax together with the names of the owners and occupiers



                            Parish map (Kain/Oliver)

                            You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN635727 (Lat/Lon: 52.335599, -4.005461), Rhostie which are provided by:


                            Names, Geographical

                            Places, villages, farms etc within Rhostie parish as shown on the online parish map from the CD ofHistoric Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

                            • Rhostie (29); Camp; Cwm-byr; Garth-fawr; Gaer fawr; Lletty-moel; Rhos-goch; Rhos-y-garth